Drobytsky Yar
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Shoah Victims' Faces

Archive of V. Lebedeva

The tragedy of Drobytsky Yar was reported for the first time by a journalist from newspaper “Vecherniy Kharkov” Victoria Lebedeva in 1989. Archive contains both published and unpublished articles about Drobytsky Yar, readers’ correspondence, stories by the Righteous Among the Nations, eyewitness accounts by the saved ones. Reviews of books, works and studies indicate a high peer appreciation. Numerous eyewitness accounts of the Drobytsky Yar tragedy are cited, some of them are published for the first time. References for all the victims in the martyrology of Drobytsky Yar mentioned in the archive are now linked to the “Archive of V.Lebedeva”

Archive of P. Sokolsky

The main content of the archive consists of various documents and evidence, which formed the basis of the martyrology of Drobytsky Yar. These are memories of a few who managed to avoid death, who knew and remembered the dead - their neighbors, colleagues, and relatives. More than 500 people provided information about the victims of Drobytsky Yar, and are all listed on the website. When examining the archive of P. Sokolsky, new names of victims were established: more than 280 people were previously absent from the martyrology. References for all the victims in the martyrology of Drobytsky Yar mentioned in the archive are now linked to the “Archive of Sokolsky P.”

Davydov's family archive

This is a vast collection of photographs, documents, and newspaper and magazine clippings composed on the issues that in any way associate with the tragedy of the Drobitsky Yar; linked to the initiation of the project, to fundraising, to preparation and construction of the memorial complex. Materials collected in the archive are literary works and artistic creations dedicated to the Drobitsky Yar, polemical notes and eyewitness accounts with specific names. Now, victims identified in our website’s martyrology are also cross-referenced with the “Davydov’s Archives”.

Families

Became available information about deceased members of some families (eg Davydov, Polnarev, Shvartz, Shais, Tunis, Traynen and many others)

Unknown Documents

Yad Vashem links

For each victim provides links to documents (records) from the Central Database of Shoah Victims' Names (Yad Vashem)

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Now you can view documents using Adobe Flash or HTML5

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From the history
of the Drobytsky Yar tragedy documentary in the book series of assistant professor Yu. M. Lyakhovitsky "Jewish genocide in Ukraine during the occupation. 1941-1944".
(1988-1996)

Yuri Mikhailovich Lyakhovitsky (born in 1940) - PhD of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, taught at the department of lifting machinery of the Ukrainian Correspondence Polytechnic University (later - Ukrainian Engineering Pedagogical Academy).

Coming from a well-known Kharkov medical family - professor-surgeon Mikhail Mikhailovich Lyakhovitsky, Doctor of Medical Sciences (1903-1972) and pathologist Mariya Moiseevna Tiraspolskaya, PhD (1909-1991), he knew firsthand about the tragedy of Kharkov Jews - based on the fate of his 11 relatives who were caught by the occupation and perished "at the Tractor plant" and in connection with the professional activities of his parents during their work at frontline (father) and evacuation (mother) Red Army hospitals.

These circumstances explain the interest of Dr. Yu. M. Lyakhovitsky to this burning topic, tabooed until the end of the 80s, which was allowed only on the wave of "perestroika" and "glasnost" - in the framework of the Kharkov Society of Jewish Culture (KhSJC) which was founded in April-May of 1989 with his active participation.

His article "I would like to memorialize everyone's names", the first on the subject of the Jewish genocide in Kharkov during the occupation, published on 9/13/1988 in the Kharkov regional newspaper "Red Flag" (then the "organ of the Kharkov regional committee of the CPSU"!), received a large public response. From this point on, the "official" research of the Drobytsky Yar documented history began.

So, having contacting the Kharkov regional archive regarding the "direction of the organization" (in this case, the aforementioned KhSJC), Dr. Yu. M. Lyakhovitsky, with the highly valuable assistance of V.V. Reznikova, the director of the archive, and archivist A.I. Burik, was given access to the regional archive's "holy of holies" - the notorious "special storage". From there, he gathered the materials for his "Series" preparation ( and, first of all, the "The Book of Drobytsky Yar"), including the collection and study of the occupational documents of that time, the compilation of Drobytsky Yar martyrology (according to about 5,000 yellow house lists of the ominous 125 thousandth Nazi's order #23 for registration of Kharkov Jews ( December 6-15, 1941), their eviction to the barracks of the Machine-Tool and Tractor plants (December 14-16, 1941) and subsequent destruction.

In his next article "The lists of the dead were found..." (in the newspaper "The Bulletin of Jewish Soviet Culture" dated September 26, 1990), he called these forms "yellow lists" and this term got wide use in casual document circulation. In any case, you can't find find its use in this context prior to that date.

These lists, supplemented by data obtained in the wake of the above-mentioned newspaper publications of Dr. Lyakhovitsky, as well as preparatory materials of the exhibition of the Kharkov Historical Museum, in which he participated, dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the Drobytsky Yar tragedy, made up the actual initial martyrology of Drobytsky Yar.

This work was completed with the publication (with the oversight of Yevgeny Yevtushenko of the book "Trampled Mezuzah" by Yu. M. Lyakhovitsky ("The Book of Drobytsky Yar"): Testimonials, facts, documents of the Nazi genocide of the Kharkov Jewish population during the occupation. 1941-1942. - Kharkov: Osnova, 1991. - 192 pp. [24] p. il. (Submitted for a print set on 12.12.90. Signed for print on 3/15/91), which pioneered on this subject and started the mentioned book series "The Jewish genocide in Ukraine during the occupation. 1941-1944". By the way, "Osnova", the publishing house of the Kharkov university, the only one of the then existing 12 Soviet publishing houses, which was brave enough to publish this book ( even at the expense of the author, but in the author's original edition where "peaceful Soviet civilians - victims of Nazi atrocities" buried in Drobytsky Yar , were finally called" "Jews").

It is worth noting that, along with the collection of material for the "Trampled Mezuzah", Dr. Lyakhovitsky, per request of the archive's administration, complied and transferred to it a list of all the related documents from the "special storage" for their subsequent "declassification" and to make them available to the general public.

Also, in June 1991 (after the release of "Trampled Mezuzah"), Dr. Lyakhovitsky, also at the request of the Archive administration, provided consulting assistance to a group of foreign compilers of the first generalized "List of Jews from Kharkov who perished during the Holocaust" in the Kharkov region, having transferred to it the source database (F. P-3746, P-4743, P-6245, etc), used by him when compiling the martyrology of the "Trampled Mezuzah", which, thus, was included in the mentioned "List" and then to the "The Central Database Of Shoah Victims' Names" at Yad Vashem.

Further activities of Dr. Yu. Lyakhovitsky on this topic were held in the legal framework of the private Jewish newspaper "Bensiah" ("Interlocutor") which he founded (1989) and the Section of History and Culture of the Jewish Population of Sloboda Ukraine ("Institute of Jewish Studies") of the North-Eastern Scientific Center of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (1994), as well as a number of informal (legalized by notification) Jewish organizations for the study of the Catastrophe, which operated under his leadership during that period ( before his emigration in 1996), such as: Kharkov Regional Historical and Memorial Center of the Catastrophe "Drobytsky Yar" (1988); Ukrainian Holocaust Memorial Fund "Drobytsky Yar" (1990); The International Foundation for the Holocaust "Drobytsky Yar" (1993), the Institute for the Study of the Holocaust at the New York Academy of Sciences (of which he was elected as a member in 1996), the Independent Archive of the Holocaust "BeNAKH" (1996), and also the project (see a government telegram photocopy) "Educational complex of the Holocaust Museum" (based on the Kharkov Scientists' Society) (1996) and others.

Their activity resulted in the release in 1992-1996 of the book series "The Jewish Genocide in Ukraine during the Occupation. 1941-1944" ( with a preface by the chairman of the Northeastern Center of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences V.P. Seminozhenko).

Architectonics and composition of the book series "The Jewish Genocide in Ukraine during the Occupation. 1941-1944" is a collection of artifacts (documentary, epistolary, etc) related to the study of the tragedy of Drobytsky Yar, the personalities of its persons involved - victims,survivors, saviors and collaborators, collected mainly in the process and in order to prepare and publish the above-mentioned book series. Accordingly, these materials, having reflected the general characteristics and scope of the "final solution of the Jewish question" in Kharkov and the Kharkov region, constitute their main content

They include published for the first time documentary materials about the destruction, in the framework of the "final solution of the Jewish Question in Europe" of the Jewish population of Kharkov and the region by the Nazis during the occupation, orders and instructions of the occupation authorities, eyewitness' accounts of prisoners of the Kharkov ghetto, memories of people from Kharkov and other cities about people and events of that time, publicistic materials, photographic documents, etc.

The "Series" also examined various aspects of the national tragedy of the Jewish people, which, for many years of silence and distortion, had accumulated many painful problems - such as collaborationism among the local population, Jewish participation in the Resistance, the role of the Ukrainian nationalist press in implementing the Holocaust, the relationship of saviors and the rescued ones etc.

Some "Series" materials are devoted to issues of current interest, related to the attempt to distort the tragedy of the Holocaust in historiography and journalism of that time, overcoming its consequences in the Jewish mentality of that time, raise of anti-Semitism, emigration and so-called Jewish revival in the domestic diaspora Galut.

A special place in the "Series" belongs to information about the rescuers of the Jews - both those gentiles who were awarded the Israeli medals and diplomas ("Hasidim ummot ha-olam" ("Righteous Among the Nations") or Ukrainian diplomas "Righteous of Ukraine", and just patriots.

The special sections of the "Series" contain documents and lists of persons who collaborated with the Nazis in the destruction of the Jewish population.

More detailed information is given in the following bibliographic descriptions of the "Series" books:

1. Lyakhovitsky Yu. M. Trampled Mezuzah.("The Book of Drobytsky Yar"): Testimonies, facts, documents about the Nazi genocide of the Jewish Kharkov population during the occupation period. 1941-1942. Vol. 1. -H.: Osnova,1991. -192 p.

The book includes published for the first time documentary materials, in the framework of the "final solution of the Jewish Question in Europe" of the Jewish population of Kharkov and the region by the Nazis during the occupation, orders and instructions of the occupation authorities, eyewitness' accounts of prisoners of the Kharkov ghetto, memories of people from Kharkov and other cities about people and events of that time, publicistic materials, photographic documents, etc. The martyrology includes biographical references of a several thousand victims of the genocide by the Nazis. The overwhelming majority of data was obtained from the funds of the Kharkov regional archive (the author expresses deep gratitude to the staff of the archive V.V. Reznikova and A.I. Burik for their assistance in conducting archival research). The book is published in the author's edition and at his expense.

2. Holocaust in Ukraine and Anti-Semitism in Perspective./ Collect. auth.; Under general ed. Yu.M. Lyakhovitsky. - H.: Library of "Bensiakh" newspaper, 1992.-150 p.

The book, which is the first collective work on a similar subject in post-war domestic historiography (scientists from Ukraine, Russia, France and Israel - historians, lawyers, philosophers, sociologists and psychologists), examined various aspects of the national tragedy of the Jewish people - the tragedy that accumulated lots of painful issues during many years of its suppression and distortion - such as collaborationism among the local population, the participation of Jews in the Resistance, the role of the Nationalist press in the implementation of the Holocaust, relationships of rescuers and rescued. A number of materials are devoted to hot issues related to the attempt to distort Holocaust tragedy in today's historiography and journalism, to overcome its consequences in the modern Jewish mentality, to strengthen anti-Semitism world-wide, repatriation to Israel and the so-called Jewish revival in the domestic Diaspora-galut. A separate book includes the monograph "The Yellow Book" (issue 1) that contains published for the first time testimonies and memoirs of eyewitnesses and prisoners of the Kharkov Jewish ghetto, archival materials, a martyrology (the first book, "Trampled Mezuzah, published in June 1991).

3. Lyakhovitsky Yu. M. Yellow Book: Evidence, facts, documents about the Nazi genocide of the Jewish population of Kharkov during the occupation. 1941-1993. Vol. 2, 3. -H.: Library of "Bensiah" newspaper, 1992. -52 p., 1994.-124 p.

The book contains documentary materials published for the first time, that reflect the chronology, theater of characters and persons involved in the Nazis "final solution of the Jewish Question" in Kharkov and other Ukrainian regions during the occupation, journalistic materials, martyrology. The previous books, "Trampled Mezuzah" and "Yellow Book" ( Vol 2 and 3), were published in 1991, 1992 and 1994, respectively.

4. The Jewish genocide in Ukraine during the occupation in German documentary. 1941-1944 / Compiled by: A.I. Kruglov, Yu.M. Lyakhovitsky, Yu. G. Subocheva (Shulman); Under general ed. of Yu. M. Lyakhovitsky. - H.: Library of the "Bensiah" newspaper. 1995. -292 p.

Another book from the series "The Jewish Genocide in Ukraine during the occupation. 1941-1944." ("Trampled Mezuzah" ("The Book of Drobytsky Yar")), 1991; "Holocaust in Ukraine and anti-Semitism in perspective", 1992; "Yellow Book" (2nd edition), 1992; "Yellow Book"(3rd edition), 1994) includes published for the first time German documents and materials that give an overall picture of the mass extermination of Jews in the occupied territory of Ukraine in 1941-1944. Most of the published documents were obtained from foreign sources (Federal Archive of Germany, Koblenz; Archive of the Central Office of the Land Justice Administration of Germany for the Disclosure of Nazis Crimes, Ludwigsburg; National Archives of the USA); meetings of departmental members of the autonomous non-profit organization of the International Association of Holocaust Studies Centers.. It is published in Russian for the first time.

5. Lyakhovitsky Yu. M. Survivors of the Holocaust: survivors, rescuers, collaborators. Evidence, facts, documents. -H. :Library of the "Bensiah" newspaper, 1996. -232 p.

Another book from the series "The Jewish Genocide in Ukraine during the occupation. 1941-1944." ("Trampled Mezuzah" ("The Book of Drobytsky Yar")), 1991; "Holocaust in Ukraine and anti-Semitism in perspective", 1992; "Yellow Book" (2nd edition), 1992; "Yellow Book"(3rd edition), 1994); "Jewish genocide in Ukraine during the occupation in German documentary. 1941-1944", 1995) contains published for the first time testimonies of Kharkov residents - former prisoners of Jewish ghettos and concentration camps in Ukraine, who survived in the territory occupied by the Nazis; their non-Jewish saviors, both those who have been awarded the Israeli Hasidei Ummot Ha-Olam medals and diplomas ("Righteous Among the Nations") or the "Righteous of Ukraine" Ukrainian diplomas, and simply patriots; archival documents and lists of persons who collaborated with the occupiers in the extermination of the Jewish population. Like all previous books of the series "The Jewish Genocide in Ukraine during the Occupation. 1941-1944", the book "Survivors of the Holocaust..." continues the martyrology of the victims of the Nazi genocide, established to date.

6. Holocaust, "Jewish Question" and Modern Ukrainian Society / Collective auth.; Under general ed. Yu. M. Lyakhovitsky. -H.: Library of the "Bensiah" newspaper, 1996. - 392 p.

Another book from the series "The Jewish Genocide in Ukraine during the occupation. 1941-1944." ("Trampled Mezuzah" ("The Book of Drobytsky Yar")), 1991; "Holocaust in Ukraine and anti-Semitism in perspective", 1992; "Yellow Book" (2nd edition), 1992; "Yellow Book"(3rd edition), 1994); "Jewish genocide in Ukraine during the occupation in German documentary. 1941-1944", 1995; "Survivors of the Holocaust: survivors, saviors, collaborators. Testimonies, facts, documents", 1996) is collective work, dedicated to the study of various aspects of the Jewish Holocaust in Ukraine during the occupation; historiography, chronology and the main stages of its implementation; the participation of the Jews in the Resistance; collaboration among the local population; the role of the Ukrainian nationalist press in Holocaust implementation; relationships between the Jewish and non-Jewish population during the Holocaust. A number of sections of the book are dedicated to hot issues related to overcoming the consequences of the Holocaust in the mentality of modern Ukrainian society, raise of anti-Semitism in the mass consciousness, ways to counter them, emigration, prospects and current problems of the Jewish diaspora in Ukraine.

In conclusion, it is worth mentioning that all the books in "The Jewish Genocide in Ukraine during the occupation. 1941-1944" series included in the collections of all National and university libraries of the former USSR (CIS), UK and other european countries, Japan, as well as the Library of the US Congress.


Since 1996, Dr. Yu. M. Lyakhovitsky lives and works in Israel. At the heart of his scientific, social, political and journalistic activities, as before, is the current issue of the Holocaust (as it relates to the realities of the political life in Israel). In it, the perpetuation of the memory of the Kharkov Drobytsky Yar tragedy continues to occupy a special place - both as the moral imperative of the former Kharkov resident and as a scholar-historian's duty - before the victims and the outgoing generation of Drobytsky Yar.

Translated by Lolita Gendelman

 

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